Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences

Vera Schulte-Pelkum

Vera Schulte-Pelkum

Research Interests

Structure, deformation, rheology, and anisotropy of the lithosphere; receiver functions and array processing; seismic noise wavefield

Current Research

  • Stress, strain, deformation, and reactivation of inherited fabric in the lithosphere
  • Deformation and strength partitioning in Himalaya/Tibet, Zagros, western U.S.
  • Anisotropic rheology
  • Scaling of elastic anisotropy from mineral grains to seismic wavelengths
  • Deep ductile fabric and shear zone imaging
  • Tectonic history from combining xenolith data and seismic observations

Highlights

Papers with interesting supplementary info (which can be a pain to track down, so I've provided bundled links), movies, and recent articles. More publications under the link at the bottom.

How crustal rock fabric behaves, and useful new scaling rules when inverting for seismic anisotropy: S. Brownlee, V. Schulte-Pelkum, A. Raju, K. Mahan, C. Condit, O. Orlandini, Characteristics of deep crustal seismic anisotropy from a compilation of rock elasticity tensors and their expression in receiver functions, Tectonics, 2017 early view article Eos highlight

Evolution of the continental U.S. deep crust from geology and seismology, with interactive maps: V. Schulte-Pelkum, K Mahan, W. Shen, J Stachnik, The distribution and composition of high-velocity lower crust across the continental U.S.: Comparison of seismic and xenolith data and implications for lithospheric dynamics and history, Tectonics, 36(8), 2017 open access article; interactive maps (to play with layers, open in Adobe Reader and use View->Show/Hide->Navigations Pane);  Editor's highlight

Moho-cutting Denali fault, and slab under Alaska: Allam, A., V. Schulte-Pelkum, Y. Ben-Zion, C. Tape, N. Ruppert, Z. Ross, Ten kilometer vertical Moho offset and shallow velocity contrast along the Denali fault zone from double-difference tomography, receiver functions, and fault zone head waves, Tectonophysics, in press, 2017, early view article

Subduction channel under the Himalaya? D. McNamara, W. Yeck, W. Barnhart, V. Schulte-Pelkum, E. Bergman, L. Adhikari, A. Dixit, S Hough, H. Benz, P. Earle, Source modeling of the 2015 Mw 7.8 Nepal (Gorkha) earthquake sequence: Implications for geodynamics and earthquake hazards, Tectonophysics, 2016, doi

Deep crustal deformation across the continental U.S.: Schulte-Pelkum, V. and K. Mahan, A method for mapping crustal deformation and anisotropy with receiver functions and first results from USArray, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 402, 221-233, 2014 pdf

Ductile shear zone imaging: Schulte-Pelkum, V. and K. Mahan, Imaging faults and shear zones using receiver functions, Pure Appl. Geophys., 171, 2967–2991, 2014 doi

Decoupled mantle root from seismology, geochemistry, and petrological modeling: Schulte-Pelkum, V., G. Biasi, A. Sheehan, and C. Jones, Differential motion between upper crust and lithospheric mantle in the central Basin and Range, Nature Geosci., 4, 619-623, 2011 pdf

Deformation fabric on the Main Himalayan Thrust fault: Schulte-Pelkum, V., G. Monsalve, A. Sheehan, M.R. Pandey, S. Sapkota, R. Bilham and F. Wu, Imaging the Indian Subcontinent beneath the Himalaya, Nature, 435, 1222-1225, 2005 pdf

Watch seismic arrays track storms in the Pacific and Atlantic: Schulte-Pelkum, V., P. S. Earle and F. L. Vernon, Strong directivity of ocean-generated seismic noise, G-Cubed, 5, doi:10.1029/2003GC000520, 2004 pdf, movie

Education

Ph.D., Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, Geosciences

Diplom, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany, Geophysik

 

 

View Publications

  • Schulte-Pelkum, V and KH Mahan (2014), Imaging Faults and Shear Zones Using Receiver Functions. Pure Appl. Geophys. Version: 1 171 (11) 2967-2991, issn: 0033-4553, ids: AT7WD, doi: 10.1007/s00024-014-0853-4
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V and KH Mahan (2014), A method for mapping crustal deformation and anisotropy with receiver functions and first results from USArray. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. Version: 1 402 221-233, issn: 0012-821X, ids: AO4VW, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.01.050
  • Levandowski, W, CH Jones, WS Shen, MH Ritzwoller and V Schulte-Pelkum (2014), Origins of topography in the western US: Mapping crustal and upper mantle density variations using a uniform seismic velocity model. J. Geophys. Res.-Solid Earth Version: 1 119 (3) 2375-2396, issn: 2169-9313, ids: AI4OM, doi: 10.1002/2013JB010607
  • Shen, WS, MH Ritzwoller and V Schulte-Pelkum (2013), Crustal and uppermost mantle structure in the central US encompassing the Midcontinent Rift. J. Geophys. Res.-Solid Earth Version: 1 118 (8) 4325-4344, issn: 2169-9313, ids: 225VH, doi: 10.1002/jgrb.50321
  • Yeck, WL, AF Sheehan and V Schulte-Pelkum (2013), Sequential H-kappa Stacking to Obtain Accurate Crustal Thicknesses beneath Sedimentary Basins. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Amer. Version: 1 103 (3) 2142-2150, issn: 0037-1106, ids: 160FH, doi: 10.1785/0120120290
  • Shen, WS, MH Ritzwoller and V Schulte-Pelkum (2013), A 3-D model of the crust and uppermost mantle beneath the Central and Western US by joint inversion of receiver functions and surface wave dispersion. J. Geophys. Res.-Solid Earth Version: 1 118 (1) 262-276, issn: 2169-9313, ids: 129NZ, doi: 10.1029/2012JB009602
  • Shen, WS, MH Ritzwoller, V Schulte-Pelkum and FC Lin (2013), Joint inversion of surface wave dispersion and receiver functions: a Bayesian Monte-Carlo approach. Geophys. J. Int. Version: 1 192 (2) 807-836, issn: 0956-540X, ids: 071VG, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggs050
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V and Y Ben-Zion (2012), Apparent Vertical Moho Offsets under Continental Strike-Slip Faults from Lithology Contrasts in the Seismogenic Crust. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Amer. Version: 1 102 (6) 2757-2763, issn: 0037-1106, ids: 046UN, doi: 10.1785/0120120139
  • Mahan, KH, V Schulte-Pelkum, TJ Blackburn, SA Bowring and FO Dudas (2012), Seismic structure and lithospheric rheology from deep crustal xenoliths, central Montana, USA. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. Version: 1 13 , Art. No. Q10012, issn: 1525-2027, ids: 023XM, doi: 10.1029/2012GC004332
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V, G Biasi, A Sheehan and C Jones (2011), Differential motion between upper crust and lithospheric mantle in the central Basin and Range. Nature Geosci. Version: 1 4 (9) 619-623, issn: 1752-0894, ids: 814KY, doi: 10.1038/ngeo1229
  • van Wijk, K, TD Mikesell, V Schulte-Pelkum and J Stachnik (2011), Estimating the Rayleigh-wave impulse response between seismic stations with the cross terms of the Green tensor. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 38 , Art. No. L16301, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 810MM, doi: 10.1029/2011GL047442
  • Becker, TW, S Chevrot, V Schulte-Pelkum and DK Blackman (2006), Statistical properties of seismic anisotropy predicted by upper mantle geodynamic models. J. Geophys. Res.-Solid Earth Version: 1 111 (B8) , Art. No. B08309, issn: 0148-0227, ids: 078KP, doi: 10.1029/2005JB004095
  • Becker, TW, V Schulte-Pelkum, DK Blackman, JB Kellogg and RJ O'Connell (2006), Mantle flow under the western United States from shear wave splitting. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. Version: 1 247 (4-Mar) 235-251, issn: 0012-821X, ids: 074PL, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2006.05.010
  • Monsalve, G, A Sheehan, V Schulte-Pelkum, S Rajaure, MR Pandey and F Wu (2006), Seismicity and one-dimensional velocity structure of the Himalayan collision zone: Earthquakes in the crust and upper mantle. J. Geophys. Res.-Solid Earth Version: 1 111 (B10) , Art. No. B10301, issn: 0148-0227, ids: 092TZ, doi: 10.1029/2005JB004062
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V, G Monsalve, A Sheehan, MR Pandey, S Sapkota, R Bilham and F Wu (2005), Imaging the Indian subcontinent beneath the Himalaya. Nature Version: 1 435 (7046) 1222-1225, issn: 0028-0836, ids: 940JJ, doi: 10.1038/nature03678, PubMed ID: 15988523
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V, PS Earle and FL Vernon (2004), Strong directivity of ocean-generated seismic noise. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. Version: 1 5 , Art. No. Q03004, issn: 1525-2027, ids: 806KG, doi: 10.1029/2003GC000520
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V and DK Blackman (2003), A synthesis of seismic P and S anisotropy. Geophys. J. Int. Version: 1 154 (1) 166-178, issn: 0956-540X, ids: 690AE, doi: 10.1046/j.1365-246X.2003.01951.x
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V, FL Vernon and J Eakins (2003), Large teleseismic P wavefront deflections observed with broadband arrays. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Amer. Version: 1 93 (2) 747-756, issn: 0037-1106, ids: 677LX, doi: 10.1785/0120020126