Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences

Cryospheric and Polar Processes Seminar

Cryospheric and Polar Processes Seminar

Using Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar to Study Permafrost Dynamics by Kevin Schaefer, Permafrost Scientist,  NSIDC 

Abstract:

We measure ground subsidence using Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) to study permafrost dynamics.  Permafrost is perennially frozen ground and the active layer is the surface layer of soil that thaws in summer and refreezes in winter.  Permafrost is difficult to monitor using visible remote sensing because it occurs underground.  However, we use InSAR to measure seasonal subsidence resulting from the expansion of soil water into ice as the active layer freezes and thaws each year.  We use the seasonal subsidence to directly measure the Active Layer Thickness (ALT), a key parameter of permafrost stability.  We use Ground Penetrating radar to gather in situ measurements of ALT for validation.  We use the subsidence trends to identify thermokarst features, and important processes, such as the impacts of fire on permafrost.  We use the loss of coherence to measure fire severity.  We combine InSAR with backscatter measurements of soil moisture as part of NASA’s Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE) field campaign in Alaska and northwest.  Our InSAR techniques can lift the veil to peer under the surface to study permafrost dynamics.
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Meeting ID: 540 961 8610
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date

Wednesday, November 15, 2017
11:00am to 12:00pm

location

East Campus, RL-2, Room 155

contact

Mistia.Zuckerman@colorado.edu